Mental health and wellbeing Transgender

Promoting mental health and wellbeing among transgender persons in Delhi NCR using a peer support approach: A mixed method study

Background

In India, transgender individuals face a disproportionate burden of mental illness, yet their mental health remains largely under-researched. Studies have revealed alarming statistics, such as 42.7% of transwomen experiencing moderate to severe depression and 48% suffering from psychiatric disorders. This is in stark contrast to the approximate 14% prevalence among gender conforming individuals. Recognizing mental health as a global priority, the United Nations has emphasized addressing mental illness as crucial for sustainable development.

Aims

Our project aims to address this pressing issue by conducting a preliminary evaluation of a peer support model tailored to the needs of transgender individuals in the National Capital Region (NCR) of Delhi. We seek to explore the effects of this model on anxiety, depression, suicide/self-harm rates, and overall psychological wellbeing. Additionally, we aim to assess the acceptability of the peer support approach and identify factors that facilitate or impede its implementation.

Research Methodology

Our study follows an uncontrolled before-after quasi-experimental mixed-method design, allowing us to comprehensively evaluate the effectiveness of the peer support intervention.

Intervention

The intervention comprises three core components:

Co-Creation: We will collaborate with a Trans Advisory Group (TAG) and TWEET Foundation to develop a peer support model tailored to the unique needs and experiences of transgender individuals.

Peer Support Groups: Transgender individuals enrolled in the study will participate in trans-peer support groups, providing a safe space for mutual support and empowerment.

Leadership Training: We will train trans peer leaders to facilitate the peer support model within their respective groups, thereby ensuring that the intervention is led by and for the transgender community.

Potential Impact

Our primary outcomes include:

Improved Mental Health: We anticipate reductions in anxiety, depression, and self-harm/suicide rates, alongside enhancements in overall mental wellbeing indicators.

Development of a Sustainable Intervention Model: Through this study, we aim to establish a robust trans-led intervention model that effectively addresses depression, anxiety, and promotes mental health among transgender individuals. Importantly, we seek to demonstrate the feasibility and acceptability of this model within the community.

Join us in our mission to prioritise the mental health and wellbeing of transgender persons in Delhi NCR through innovative peer support approaches. Together, we can create a more inclusive and supportive environment for all individuals, irrespective of gender identity.  

MANTHAN

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